Provision of free legal aid and strategic litigation
The provision of free legal aid to members of vulnerable, marginalized and discriminated groups, with a special focus on the realization of the rights to housing and social protection, present an important segment of the A 11 Initiatives activities. The experience gathered through the provision of free legal aid serves as a basis for reporting on cases of human rights violations and for awareness raising and advocacy activities.
Through strategic litigation the A 11 Initiative points out significant legal issues and obstacles in regard to access to socio-economic rights and discrimination and strives to, relying on relevant international standards and examples of good practice from other countries, ensure a more favorable interpretation of law and easier access to economic and social rights for members of vulnerable groups. Examples of our activities in this field include:
- Submission of a constitutional appeal to the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Serbia regarding the discrimination of refugees in tax procedures;;
- Complaints filed to the Commissioner for Equality regarding the discrimination of Roma in social and health protection.
The A 11 Initiatives’ recommendations for the improvement of regulations and policies relevant to the protection of human rights are based on analyses of relevant practices and their effect on vulnerable groups. The Initiative identifies deviations from relevant international standards and points out the observed inadequacies to the competent government bodies and institutions, as well as to the wider public. The Initiative uses procedures that are related to Serbia’s membership in international organizations and that are enshrined in relevant international contracts so as to contribute to the alignment of domestic regulations with international standards and the creation of conditions that would allow full access to social and economic rights to all.
Examples of our activities in this field include:
- Recommendation to the High Court of Cassation for the initiation of amendments to the Law on the Protection of the Right to Trial within a Reasonable Time, in the aim of ensuring protection from inefficient conduct of administrative bodies;;
- Comments on the Draft Law on Free Legal Aid and participation in the campaign for the withdrawal of the Draft Law on Amendments to the Law on Social Welfare.